Nietzsche and anarchismDuring the 19th century, Nietzsche was frequently associated with anarchist movements, in spite of the fact that in his writings he definitely holds a negative view of egalitarian anarchists.
Some hypothesize on certain grounds Nietzsche's violent stance against anarchism may (at least partially) be the result of a popular association during this period between his ideas and those of Max Stirner. Thus far, no plagiarism has been detected at all, even if Nietzsche indeed had access to Stirner for some space of time.
Spencer Sunshine writes "There were many things that drew anarchists to Nietzsche: his hatred of the state; his disgust for the mindless social behavior of "herds"; his anti-Christianity; his distrust of the effect of both the market and the State on cultural production; his desire for an "overman" — that is, for a new human who was to be neither master nor slave; his praise of the ecstatic and creative self, with the artist as his prototype, who could say, "Yes" to the self-creation of a new world on the basis of nothing; and his forwarding of the "transvaluation of values" as source of change, as opposed to a Marxist conception of class struggle and the dialectic of a linear history."http://radicalarchives.org/2010/05/18/nietzsche-and-the-anarchists/ Spencer Sunshine, "Nietzsche and the Anarchists" Lacking in Nietzsche is the anarchist Utopian-egalitarian belief that every soul is capable of epic greatness: Nietzsche aristocratic elitism is the death-knell of any Nietzschean conventional anarchism.
For Sunshine, "The list is not limited to culturally-oriented anarchists such as Emma Goldman, who gave dozens of lectures about Nietzsche and baptized him as an honorary anarchist. Pro-Nietzschean anarchists also include prominent Spanish CNT–FAI members in the 1930s such as Salvador Seguí and anarcha-feminist Federica Montseny; anarcho-syndicalist militants like Rudolf Rocker; and even the younger Murray Bookchin, who cited Nietzsche's conception of the "transvaluation of values" in support of the Spanish anarchist project." Also in european individualist anarchist circles his influence is clear in thinker/activists such as Emile Armandhttp://theanarchistlibrary.org/HTML/Emile_Armand__The_Anarchism_of_Emile_Armand.html The Anarchism of Émile Armand by Emile Armand and Renzo Novatorehttp://theanarchistlibrary.org/HTML/Renzo_Novatore__Toward_the_Creative_Nothing.html Toward the Creative Nothing by Renzo Novatore among others. Also more recently in post-left anarchy Nietzsche is present in the thought of Hakim Bey and Wolfi Landstreicher.
Some authors have traced the influence of Nietzsche in the original anarcho-syndicalist theoreticians, who outgrew their early democratic sentimentality and began to absorb the elite theory thinkers of Italy. The heretical socialists who opposed Marxist materialism and revised socialism according to Nietzschean lines, outgrew socialism at last, and thus an indirect proto-Fascist legacy is not unthinkable.