Education and careerSchutte received her bachelor's in English from Barry College in 1966. After receiving her bachelor's, she went on to receive a master's degree in English from the University of Miami in 1969, a master's degree in philosophy from Miami University in 1970, and a doctorate in philosophy from Yale University in 1978, with her focus being the work of Friedrich Nietzche and German philosophy following Immanuel Kant. While working towards her degrees, Schutte served as an instructor of philosophy and English at Miami University. After receiving her docorate, she accepted a position as Assistant Professor of Humanities at the University of Florida, transitioning to Philosophy one year later. She was promoted to Associate Professor in 1984, and full professor in 1994. After a 20-year teaching career at the University of Florida, in 1999 Schutte moved to the University of South Florida, where she chaired the Women's Studies Department. In 2004, Schutte left the Women's Studies department, and became Professor of Philosophy. In 2012, she received emerita status.
In addition to her university appointments, Schutte has served in a number of other professional roles, including chairing the American Philosophical Association's Committee on Hispanics/Latinos, and in a large number of editorial roles, including being associate editor and board member of between 1990 and 2006 (and continuing as an advisory board member since,) serving on the advisory board of the Cuadernos de Filosofia at the University of Buenos Aires since 2007, being a member of the editorial board of Teaching Philosophy from 2006 to 2011, and being a member of the editorial board of since 1995, and being a member of Journal of the Argentine Society of Women in Philosophy's between 1989 and 2000.