How the "True World" Finally Became FictionIn this section, Nietzsche demonstrates the process by which previous philosophers have fictionalized the apparent world, casting the product of the senses into doubt, and thereby removing the concept of the real world. The section is divided into six parts:
- The wise and pious man dwells in the real world, which he attains through his wisdom (skills in perception warrant a more accurate view of the real world).
- The wise and pious man doesn't dwell in the real world, but rather it is promised to him, a goal to live for. (ex: to the sinner who repents)
- The real world is unattainable and cannot be promised, yet remains a consolation when confronted with the perceived injustices of the apparent world.
- If the real world is not attained, then it is unknown. Therefore, there is no duty to the real world, and no consolation derived from it.
- The idea of a real world has become useless- it provides no consolation or motive. It is therefore cast aside as a useless abstraction.
- What world is left? The concept of the real world has been abolished, and with it, the idea of an apparent world follows.