Post-anarchism is a contemporary hybrid of anarchism and post-structuralism. Post-structuralism in itself is profoundly influenced by Nietzsche in its main thinkers such as Michel Foucault and Gilles Deleuze as well as the early influence of Georges Bataille on these authors. Nevertheless within post-anarchism the British Saul Newman wrote an article called "Anarchism and the politics of ressentiment" "Anarchism and the politics of ressentiment" by Saul Newman in which he notes how Nietzsche "sees anarchism as poisoned at the root by the pestiferous weed of ressentiment - the spiteful politics of the weak and pitiful, the morality of the slave" and so his essay decides to "take seriously his charge against anarchism". And so he proposes how "anarchism could become a new 'heroic' philosophy, which is no longer reactive but, rather, creates values" and proposes a notion of community that "of active power - a community of 'masters' rather than 'slaves'. It would be a community that sought to overcome itself - continually transforming itself and revelling in the knowledge of its power to do so." On the other hand the proponent of postmodern anarchism Lewis Call wrote an essay called "Toward an Anarchy of Becoming: Nietzsche" in which he argues that "despite NietzscheĀ“s hostility towards anarchism, his writing contains all the elements of a nineteenth century anarchist politics...Nietzsche unleashes another kind of anarchy, an anarchy of becoming. By teaching us that we must pursue a perpetual project of self-overcoming and self-creation, constantly losing and finding ourselves in the river of becoming, Nietzsche ensures that our subjectivity will be fluid and dispersed, multiple and pluralistic rather than fixed and centered, singular and totalitarian. These twin anarchies, the critical anarchy of the subject and the affirmative anarchy of becoming, form the basis for a postmodern Nietzschetian anarchism"
Recently the French anarchist and hedonist philosopher Michel Onfray has embraced the term postanarchism to describe his approach to politics and ethics. He has said that the May 68 revolts were "a nietzschetian revolt in order to put an end to the 'One' truth, revealed, and to put in evidence the diversity of truths, in order to make disappear ascetic Christian ideas and to help arise new possibilities of existence". In 2005 he published the essay De la sagesse tragique - Essai sur Nietzsche De la sagesse tragique - Essai sur Nietzsche (Poche)
de Michel Onfray (Auteur)
which could be translated as On tragic wisdom - Essay on Nietzsche.